An allergy is the immune system’s exaggerated response when it comes into contact with different external elements (allergens) which are harmful to it. A specialist in paediatric allergology administers a variety of tests (skin, blood and trigger tests) to diagnose and thus effectively treat pathologies related to the following kinds of allergies:

  • Respiratory allergies: asthma and rhinitis
  • Food allergies: milk, eggs, nuts, etc.
  • Allergies to medicines: antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, etc.
  • Skin allergies: rashes, dermatitis
The paediatric surgery team in our department is made up of different professionals who tend to any surgical problem which a child may have, from their first few hours of life until their adolescence.
The field of paediatric surgery includes: prenatal diagnosis and consulting, neonatal surgery, general surgery, plastic surgery and urological surgery.

    • Neonatal surgery: This treats congenital malformations such as oesophageal atresia, omphalocele, gastroschisis, thoracic pathology, grave complications in premature babies such as enterocolitis and more common complications such as hernias.
    • General surgery: hernias, appendicitis and other abdominal pathologies such as intestinal invagination, poor intestinal rotation, primary peritonitis, etc. It also treats other pathologies which are treatable by paediatric surgery, such as phimosis, cryptorchidy and testicular pathology, lymphoma, thoracic pathologies, skin problems and more.
    • Plastic surgery: The areas of interest are facial malformations, especially cleft lip and palate, malformations of the auricles and face and neck tumours in children.
    • Urological surgery: Counselling and surgical treatment of genital anomalies and dysfunctions of the bladder, as well as anomalies in the urinary tract, either prenatal or neonatal, and during childhood and adolescence.
      • Genital anomalies other than phimosis include buried penis, hypospadias, epispadias, cryptorchidy, varicocele and grave congenital defects such as bladder exstrophy
      • Bladder urine dysfunctions such as incontinence for a variety of reasons, neurogenic bladder, either because of congenital defects or post-traumatic, among other causes.
      • Anomalies of the urinary tract, such as ectasia and, hydronephrosis, megaureter, double systems, ectopic ureter, vesicoureteral reflux, diverticular disease, ureterocele, posterior urethral valves and other anomalies.

In general, many of the operations are done on an outpatient basis with the goal of ensuring that the child is in hospital only as long as needed and can go through their post-operative recovery at home. These outpatient operations have a previous pre-operative visit to assess the child and perform any pre-operative tests requested by the surgeon prior to the operation.

From the surgical standpoint, the child’s treatment will require an integrated team made up of not only the surgeon but also the anaesthesiologists, paediatricians, nurses and other healthcare staff, as well as the neonatal unit and the neonatal ICU, and, if needed, the intensive care unit of the Quirón Dexeus University Hospital.
The Department of Paediatrics provides care by the Paediatric Surgery team 365 days a year.

Skin diseases in children need to be treated by a dermatologist who has specific training in diagnosing and treating this group of patients.
The paediatric dermatology specialists in our department will diagnose, treat and monitor the following pathologies, as needed:

  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Diaper rash
  • Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Acne
  • Warts and water warts
  • Skin infections
  • Birthmarks and moles
  • Vascular malformations

Food is a cornerstone of our patients’ health. What children eat affects their growth and physical and intellectual development. It can affect their health and prevent them from developing illnesses, or even improve their development. Eating behaviour patterns are adopted during infancy, childhood and adolescence. Our experts in child nutrition will help parents to adopt their child’s food to different situations, such as:

  • Food for overweight and obese children
  • Food intolerances and allergies
  • Excess cholesterol
  • Tips for vegetarian diets
  • Excess cholesterol
  • Tips for vegetarian diets
  • Diets for athletes
  • Diets for diabetics and sufferers of other chronic diseases
Paediatric endocrinology is a sub-speciality of paediatrics which is charged with studying the diseases of the child’s glands and hormones. The main issues it treats are:

      • Growth problems
      • Puberty problems
      • Thyroid pathology
      • Diabetis mellitus
      • Pathology of the adrenal glands
      • Pathology of the pituitary gland
      • Obesity
      • Dyslipidemia (disorders involving cholesterol and triglycerides)
Specialists in respiratory physical therapy have a variety of different techniques to manipulate the child’s ribcage in order to drain respiratory secretions.

This is an individualised treatment for each child whose goal is to improve their respiratory mechanics and help to lower the risk of respiratory infections.

The respiratory physical therapist helps to eliminate excess mucous from the respiratory tract, so the children who can benefit from this therapy are ones that are affected by asthma, rhinitis, bronchitis, bronchiolitis or bronchiectasis.

Paediatric gastroenterology specialists are charged with diagnosing and treating diseases of the digestive tract, the most frequent of which include:

  • Gastro-oesophageal reflux
  • Gastro-oesophageal rejection
  • Weight loss or failure to gain weight
  • Eosinophilic oesophagitis
  • Gastritis due to Helicobacter Pylori
  • Recurring abdominal pain
  • Malabsorption syndromes
  • Celiac disease
  • Constipation
  • Intestinal inflammatory diseases
  • Diseases of the liver and bile ducts
  • Digestive intolerance of lactose and fructose
Specialists in clinical genetics are charged with diagnosing, caring for and providing advice to children who have been detected with a genetic illness, along with their family.

To make an accurate diagnosis, the geneticist will use classic methods such as the family history and an exploration of the child’s clinical signs, as well as more modern and specific methods, such as DNA testing methods based on a small sample of the patient’s blood.

This sub-speciality of paediatrics is charged with investigating blood and organ illnesses such as joints, ganglia and the spleen. The haematological pathologies in children that can be investigated and treated via our paediatric outpatient service are:

  • Study of anaemia: lack of iron, thalassemia, etc.
  • Platelet illnesses such as primary immune thrombocytopenia
  • Clotting illnesses such as haemophilia
Pediatric pulmonology is a specialty that covers multiple diseases of the respiratory system from birth to adolescence, including:

  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia of the premature baby.
  • Congenital bronchopulmonary malformations.
  • Recurrent bronchitis.
  • Respiratory infections.
  • Asthma.

In situations that require it, this specialty is coordinated with the Units of allergy, otolaryngology and respiratory physiotherapy.

In 2002, the Quirón Dexeus University Hospital earned the “Baby-Friendly Hospital” certification, which is an initiative promoted by UNICEF for hospitals that promote and provide assistance for maternal breastfeeding.
Specialists in maternal breastfeeding will help mothers who have problems breastfeeding their babies through the early diagnosis and treatment of situations that could complicate breastfeeding, such as the most frequent problem: the position of the baby at the breast. It will also provide assistance in cases of breast engorgement, mastitis, abscesses, painful breast and nipple, short lingual fraenum and more.
Specialists in speech therapy are charged with the following:

  • Language delays and disorders
  • Pronunciation errors
  • Atypical swallowing
  • Difficulties learning to read and write
  • Dyslexia

The goal of paediatric nephrology is to study and treat children and adolescents with kidney diseases. This speciality is also charged with early diagnosis and prevention of kidney pathologies in children with the goal of protecting them throughout their development. Within this area, the following services are offered:

  • Study of kidney function
  • Repeated urinary tract infections
  • Nephropathies caused by vesicoureteral reflux
  • Cystic kidney diseases
  • Nephrotic syndrome
  • Blood in the urine
  • Arterial hypertension
Our centre offers a team of specialists devoted to the surgical treatment of neurological and cranial pathologies. Their field of action includes:

  • Congenital malformations such as hydrocephaly, spina bifida, craniosynostosis, cranial-facial malformations, etc.
  • Surgical treatment and monitoring of cranial injuries
  • Surgery of tumours affecting the nervous system
Paediatric neurology is a specialisation which encompasses multiple pathologies that affect both the central and peripheral nervous systems from birth until adolescence.

The neurological diseases that it treats include:

  • Developmental delays
  • Epilepsy and febrile convulsions
  • Genetic diseases which affect the neurological system
  • Tracking the after-effects of premature birth

In situations that require it, this speciality is coordinated with the Child and Adolescent.

The multidisciplinary team in this unit is in charge of preventing, diagnosing and providing comprehensive treatment of oral and dental pathologies from the newborn to the adolescent. To achieve a more precise diagnosis, we have state-of-the-art imaging technologies.

The scope of care provided by this unit includes:

  • Dental hygiene
  • Oral and dental injuries
  • Cavities: prevention, diagnosis and treatment
  • Dental malocclusion and malposition: orthodontics
The paediatric service has two units for Child Psychology and Psychiatry. These units, EPSIA-Dex and UPP!, care for children and adolescents with emotional, behaviour, developmental and learning problems.


  • Unit to detect and treat learning disorders in order to diagnose and treat difficulties in the areas of learning (ADHD, dyslexia, dyscalculia, alterations in executive functions, other intellectual capacities, etc.).
  • Unit on emotional and behavioural disorders: sleep disorders, eating disorders, mood disorders, difficulties relaxing, psychosomatic problems, etc.
  • Unit on adoption, with the goal of monitoring and providing support throughout the adoption process, both before and after adoption.
  • Unit on developmental disorders among children from birth to age 4, including cognitive, motor, language and affect problems.
  • Unit on language, speech and communication: specific language disorders, language difficulties, dyslalia, stuttering, articulatory and swallowing problems, etc.
    Unit on caring for the after-effects of brain damage resulting from perinatal problems, injuries, etc.

Epsia-Dex – Download PDF


  • ASD programmes which design specific intervention plans for each patient affected by a disorder on the autism spectrum.
  • AD(H)D programmes with the goal of providing comprehensive care of children, adolescents or young adults with attention deficit disorder, with or without hyperactivity.
  • Psychotherapy groups which assemble small groups chosen by problem or age, where highly effective psychotherapeutic work is done to treat disorders like anxiety or training in social skills.
  • Attention to needs in the field of early care for children aged birth to 6 who show some kind of developmental disorder or alteration, in addition to offering preventative monitoring of children at the risk of suffering from any of these difficulties due to their parents’ history, premature birth or any other factor.

GHS – Download PDF

Dexeus Acadèmic – Download PDF

The paediatricians in the Neonatology Unit deal with consultations on neonatal monitoring in order to provide specific monitoring of premature newborns and other babies with a risk of developmental disorders from the moment they are released from the hospital until ages 3-5.
The goal of this unit is to offer parents support after their child is released from the hospital and, in conjunction with the child’s paediatrician, to identify any alterations that might arise in their development early enough to refer them to the units specialised in the problems they may have.
This speciality focuses on studying the injuries to the child’s or adolescent’s muscular-skeleton system, either congenital or acquired, INCLUDING traumatic, infectious or caused by tumours. It is oriented at diagnosing and treating diseases that affect the bones, joints, ligaments and tendons, including:

  • Traumatic injuries
  • Arthritis and osteomyelitis
  • Anomalies in the position of the extremities
  • Flat feet
  • Asymmetries in the extremities
  • Hip pain
  • Perthes disease, Osgood-Schlatter disease, Sever’s disease, etc.
  • Prenatal diagnosis of malformations
  • Care for children and adolescents with amputations
  • Walking and movement analysis

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